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带注册送99元现金可提现版 - 8月25日澳门正规博彩十大博彩写作预测

2018-08-24 09:57 小马过河 admin

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摘要:考察一级重点为静表、静柱、静饼、线图 二级重点为动柱、动表、动饼 三级重点为地图、流程图 1. The table below gives information on consumer spending on different items in five different countries in 2002. percentage of national consumer expenditure by category-2002 注册送99元现金可提现: The table gives a breakdown of the consumer expenditure by different categories in five important European countries in the year 2002. 3

  考察一级重点为静表、静柱、静饼、线图
  二级重点为动柱、动表、动饼
  三级重点为地图、流程图

  1. The table below gives information on consumer spending on different items in five different countries in 2002. percentage of national consumer expenditure by category-2002


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  The table gives a breakdown of the consumer expenditure by different categories in five important European countries in the year 2002.
  32.14% of consumption in Turkey was related to the aspect of food, drinks and tobacco, which was the largest among these countries. The second largest percentage stood at 28.91% in Ireland. However, other figures were much less, with 18.8% in Spain, 16.36% in Italy and only 15.77% in Sweden.
  On the contrary, on the item of clothing and footwear, the proportion in Italy was the most outstanding, making up 9%. Three of these countries had similar figures: Turkey (6.63%), Spain (6.51%) and Ireland (6.43%), whereas the least percentage was in Sweden (only 5.4%)。
  By contrast, in leisure and education, the consumption in Turkey accounted for 4.35%, which almost doubled that in Ireland, with 2.21%. The proportions in Sweden and Italy were at similar level, consisting of 3.22% and 3.2% respectively, while the figure in Spain was the lowest, with only approximately 2%.
  Overall, we can clearly see that the proportion of food, drink and tobacco was the largest among these items of expenditure.

  2.The bar chart below shows the percentage of Australian men and women in different age groups who did regular physical activity in 2010.


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  Given is a bar chart comparing the proportion of males and females in Australia about the condition of the regular physical activities by different age groups in 2010. Generally, men were more active in physical practice than women only in their early age before 25.
  It is clear to see that the men with 15 to 24 years old held the biggest percent with 52.8% in physical activities, compared with 47.7% in the same age group of women. And men were less willingly after 25 years old, with 39.5% as the smallest proportion in the age of 35 to 44.
  Conversely, females showed great interest in physical exercise in their middle age, with the largest proportion of 53.5% between 45 and 54 years old. Females over 65 years old were not expected to take exercise as the younger groups, accounting for only 47.1%.
  Overall, females were more interested in physical exercise than males over all ages in 2010. The gaps of the proportion between males and females in regular physical exercise in middle age were much wider than other groups.

  3.The charts below show the percentage of water used for different purposes in six areas of the world.


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  These are pie charts indicating information about the percentage of water consumed for 3 different purposes in six regions throughout the world.
  As reflected in the data, agriculture constituted the largest 88% of total water in Central Asia, exceeding that of Africa by 4%. It is immediately followed by South East Asia and South America, where respectively 81% and 71% of water is allocated to agriculture. In contrast, water used either for industry or for households comprised a minority percentage of water among the 4 areas questioned, with water for domestic use in South America accounting for the largest figure at 19% and ranking the first for this purpose among all 6 regions. Besides, the smallest figure of water use among all purposes is recorded in industry in Central Asia, which consumes merely 5% of water in this area.
  The case is totally different in North America and Europe, where industry is the largest water consumer, and where water for this purpose approximates to a half of the total. Next comes agriculture, consuming 39% and 32% of water, and almost doubling that of family use. Also noteworthy is that among six areas, Europe distributes the largest 53% of its water resources to industry.
  Overall, agriculture is the predominant water consumer, while a reversed trend is almost true with domestic use.

  4.The graph below shows average carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per person in the United Kingdom, Sweden, Italy and Portugal between 1967 and 2007.


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  The line graph describes the changes in average emissions of CO2 per person in four different countries from 1967-2007.
  In 1967, the largest emission was in the UK, with 11 metric tons per person. It was followed by Sweden and Italy (around 9 metric tons and 4.5 metric tons respectively)。 Portugal emitted the smallest amount of CO2 - lower than 2 metric tons.
  Clearly, the UK remained the country with the largest amount of CO2 emission over this period, although there was a decline to 9 metric tons in 2007. Sweden CO2 emission peaked at just above 10 metric tons in 1977 before decreasing swiftly to 5.5 metric tons in 2007.
  Italy and Sweden showed an opposite trend during the following years. The emission in Italy overtook that in Sweden in 1988. After that, it rose to just below 8 metric tons in 2007, while Portugal saw the most drastic rise, with its emission increasing to the same level of Sweden eventually.
  Overall, the graph clearly shows how the emission level in the UK and Sweden decreased and the CO2 emissions in the remaining two countries increased over the four decades.

  5.The pie charts show the proportion of the energy produced from different sources in a country between 1985 and 2003.


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  The pie charts present the change of the percentage of the energy produced from various sources in a particular country from 1985 to 2003.
  It is clear that oil was the most dominant sources from which the energy was produced throughout the whole period, although it dropped from 52% in 1985 to 39%. Likewise, nuclear also declined, but much less significantly to 17%, becoming the third primary source from which the energy was produced.
  The percentage of natural gas, on the other hand, witnessed the most noticeable increase during the period, rising from 13% in 1985 to 23% in 2003. Coal and other renewable resources, though whose increase was less marked, rising by 5% and 3% respectively.
  Interestingly, the proportion of the energy produced from the hydrogen remained stable in 1985 and 2003, making it the least used sources from which the energy was produced.

  6.The chart below shows the total number of minutes (In billions) of telephone calls In the UK, divided into three categories, from 1995-2002.


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  This chart shows the time spent by UK residents on different types of telephone calls between 1995 and 2002.
  Local fixed line calls were the highest throughout the period, rising form 72 billion minutes in 1995 to just under 90 billion in 1998. After peaking at 90 billion the following year, these calls had fallen back to the 1995 figure by 2002.
  Natural and international fixed line calls grew steadily from 38 billion to 61 billion at the end of the period in question, though the growth slowed over the last two years.
  There was a dramatic increase in mobile calls from 2 billion to 46 billion minutes. The rise was particularly noticeable between 1999 and 2002, during which time the use of mobile phones tripled.
  To sum up, although local fixed line calls were still the most popular in 2002, the gap between the three categories had narrowed considerably over the second half of the period in question.

  7.The table below shows the amount of waste production (in millions of tonnes) in six different countries over a twenty-year period.


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  The chart compares the amounts of waste that were produced in six countries in the years 1980, 1990 and 2000.
  In each of these years, the US produced more waste than Ireland, Japan, Korea, Poland and Portugal combined. It is also noticeable that Korea was the only country that managed to reduce its waste output by the year 2000.
  Between 1980 and 2000, waste production in the US rose from 131 to 192 million tonnes, and rising trends were also seen in Japan, Poland and Portugal. Japan's waste output increased from 28 to 53 million tonnes, while Poland and Portugal saw waste totals increase from 4 to 6.6 and from 2 to 5 million tonnes respectively.
  The trends for Ireland and Korea were noticeably different from those described above. In Ireland, waste production increased more than eightfold, from only 0.6 million tonnes in 1980 to 5 million tonnes in 2000. Korea, by contrast, cut its waste output by 12 million tonnes between 1990 and 2000.

  8.The illustrations below show how chocolate is produced.


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  The diagram shows the stages in the process of making chocolate.
  Chocolate comes from the cacao tree, which is grown in parts of South America, Africa and Indonesia. The tree produces large red pods which contain white cocoa beans. Firstly, when the pods are ripe, they are harvested, the beans are removed and they are fermented for several days in large wooden boxes. During the fermenting process, the beans turn brown.
  Next, the brown beans are?spread <http://top.zhan.com/cihui/ielts-spread.html>?in the sun to dry. They are then put in large sacks and transported by train or lorry. After this, the beans are taken to a chocolate?fact <http://top.zhan.com/cihui/ielts-fact.html>ory where they are roasted in an oven at temperatures of between 250 and 350 degree Celsius.
  After being roasted, the beans are crushed and the outer shell is removed. This part is not needed for making chocolate. Finally, the inner part of the bean is pressed and liquid chocolate is produced.

  9.The maps below show the centre of a small town called Islip as it is now, and plans for its development.



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  Given are two maps comparing the center of Islip at present and in the future. Some new buildings are expected in the future.
  As the first map reveals, lslip town center now is relatively small. There is a main road from the west to the east with shops on both sides. The northern area is rarely countryside, while the southern area is filled with houses with a school at the end of the fork road in the southwest corner and a park in southeast.
  In the future, the main road is expected to reform into a dual carriageway as a round containing all the new buildings. The horizontal pedestrian is probably cutting the circle into two semi-circles in the north and south. Bus station, shopping center, car park and new housing are exposed to be built in a line, replacing the previous northern shops from west to east in the northern area. On the other side, to the south of the previous shops, housing area is expected to expend with new houses built, while the former park may suffer reduction.
  Interestingly, the school and houses out of the carriageway in the south may hardly albeit the great development.
  Overall, oil, natural gas and nuclear still constitute a larger proportion of all the sources, while other three sources, namely coal, hydrogen and other renewable, are less used when producing the energy.
  大作文预测
  一级重点:政府类、文化类、教育类、社会类
  二级重点:家庭类、旅行类、科技类、犯罪类
  三级重点:媒体类、抽象类、环境类、全球化类
  四级重点:工作类、交通类、健康类
  1.Governments spend an enormous amount of money on renovations of old buildings in large cities. Some believe that this money is better to be spent on building new houses and road development. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  解题思路:
  1.翻修老房子有助于保护当地历史文化遗产
  2.但翻新的老建筑在美观和功能性上不如新建筑
  3.改善道路交通有助于促进经济贸易和国家发展
  注册送99元现金可提现:
  During the process of urbanization,governments in different countries show different attitudes towards their historic buildings. In some countries, a large number of old fashioned houses have been demolished to give way to modern housing and road construction. I disagree with this practise to some extent,since the restoration of old constructions is as significant as new housing and road development,and thus government should fund them equally.
  On the one hand,the importance of restoring old buildings,especially historic ones which represent local unique history and culture,can never be doubted. Although it is true that the renovation of old buildings costs numerous government funds,it is worthy of such expenditure. This is largely because keeping those buildings as they were hundreds of years ago allows local residents to understand their history and culture better,and it would also encourage them to inherit traditions from generation to generation. Therefore, it is worthwhile for the government to support such an investment.
  On the other hand, a large proportion of government budget should be allocated to new houses and roads development. For one thing, the new modern buildings are commonly more glamorous and functional than old ones. Modern architectural techniques give modern buildings advantages in terms of spatial and material use for accommodating an increasing number of citizens in crowed metropolises. For another,substantial new roads are also highly needed due to fast progress of trade and business. With the construction of well-designed roads and relevant facilities, the logistic industry would be remarkably boosted.
  Based on the analysis above, I tend to believe that the conservation of old buildings may cost a lot but such a practice get rewards in terms of cultural transmission. Besides,new housing and road development are as important as restoring historic buildings,and therefore local governments should ensure their sufficient fiscal expenditure.
  2.Some believe the purpose of education is to prepare individuals to be useful to the society. While others say the purpose is to help individual to achieve personal ambitions.Discuss both views.?
  解题思路
  1.得到灵感并逐渐发现他所热爱的领域。并更加深入学习
  2.教育的最终目的是为社会提供有用的个人,政府有责任保障公民受教育的权利
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  The discussion about the purpose of education has been going on for literally thousands of years, but no conclusions have been drawn. Basically, there are two viewpoints about the primary goal of education. One is to achieve individual's ambition and the other is to train skillful professionals for the society.
  The reasons why many believe that education makes it possible for individuals to fulfill their dreams are fairly clear. First, by learning new knowledge, one can be inspired and gradually spot the area he has passion in. Also, with the right guidance and ideal educational facilities, one can have opportunity to delve into the field he is deeply interested in. For example, children who are encouraged to explore the nature in their own way without any restrictions in their childhood are more likely to develop a strong interest in Science like Botany. Therefore, Combining the systematic and thorough training he received in his specialty and his own efforts, one can realize his ambition of being a botanist. Moreover, in pursuing one's dream, one can certainly realize the significance of his life to himself and to others, which is the real source of happiness.
  On the other hand, some believe the ultimate aim of education is to provide useful individuals for the society. It is widely acknowledged that the government has an obligation to guarantee its citizens' right to education. As a society cannot develop without every social member's efforts, it is understandable that the society wish to get the return from its investment on thousands of young men and women who are supposed to be the main force in its future development. Many western countries and some emerging developing regions, for instance, allocate a large proportion of their financial budget to various levels of education including basic, vocational and higher education every year. It is due to the contribution from those talents from all walks of life that people in these countries can enjoy high-level civilization and abundance.
  In my opinion, the essence of education should be individual's personality education and only by respecting and developing each individual's personality can educators help them achieve their aspirations. And in the process of fulfilling one's real ambition, the education one receives can benefit both himself and the whole society in a much wider sphere.
  3.Some people think that quality of older people's life nowadays is worse than before. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  解题思路
  1.空巢老人现象普遍,缺乏子女陪伴,孤单寂寞
  2.社区文化丰富,老年人空余生活多姿多彩
  3.医疗条件完善,社会福利福祉全面,老年人物质生活富足
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  Some people believe that the quality of older people’s life nowadays is worse than before. Personally, I do not agree with this idea.
  Those holding the view that the quality of older people’s life deteriorates may use the fact that their children are more likely to leave homes nowadays,leaving those old people uncared for as a reason for such agreement. However, in my opinion,this is just a trend of social development and can not be justified in such a conclusion.
  It is true that old people may receive less care directly from the children. Nevertheless, they become more independent both economically and psychologically and receive more care from the society. In terms of the economy,nowadays, most of the old people have a pension to support themselves,thus possessing economic independence to but what they like. Besides, considering the health care insurance they hold, old people are freed from the huge burden of medical cost and can take care of themselves more effectively. Psychologically speaking, old people nowadays know better as to how to enjoy their old life with the help of their community. In the past,activities for old people were scarce in numbers and they could simply stay at home and read newspapers. By contrast, nowadays, old people  dancing,singing,travelling, doing exercises and playing games can be seen everywhere,which can be a reflection of their more colorful and enjoyable life. With so many activities available, old people can entertain themselves and rely less on their adult children.
  In conclusion,it seems to me that old people enjoy a higher quality of life nowadays than before since they are both economically and psychologically better off.
  4.Today, it is common that TV news programms like to show the images of emergencies, disasters and violence to the public. Discuss the reasons and the effects on the individual and the society.
  解题思路:
  1.引起公众对于社会问题的关注
  2.提高公众的自我保护意识和防范意识
  3.引起恐慌
  4.模仿媒体导致暴力犯罪
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  There has been an increasing number of TV news programs attempt to spread the images of emergencies, disasters and violence to the public. It should not be a good trend for the media to spread this kind of news. This essay will briefly discuss the reasons and consequences which may bring to the individual and the society.
  Some TV programs want to catch the eyes of the public to pay more attention to the social problems, such as poverty and immoral behaviors. Therefore,they report this kind of news frequently to make the public consider that it should be the growing trends.meanwhile, for the reason of business and politics, the TV news program may report the false information to mislead the audience.
  People are able to get the news of disasters,emergencies and violence in time through TV programs. A report found serious acts of violence-murder,kidnapping and assault with a deadly weapon-occurred once every four minutes on the major TV networks. However, it comes as no surprise that the violent content may cause the fear of crimes to the public. At the same time, for some individuals,especially teenagers, this signal to them that violence is an easy way to solve problems. Consequently, it is contributed to be a reason to increase the crime rate.
  In conclusion, the news of disasters,emergencies and violence may cause a panic to the public and disappoint the public to the society. For this reason, TV programs should not exaggerate the news, and the scary images of that news should be decreased.
  5.Some people believe that the increasing use of the computers and the mobile phones has a negative effect on young people’s reading and writing skill. Do you agree or disagree
  解题思路:
  1.导致出现大量无意识的语法和拼写错误
  2.阅读能力下降,独立思考能力下降
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  Some educators have warned that the prevalence of mobile phones and the internet has a negative effect on adolescents’ academic ability. I agree with this view.
  Firstly, the wide use of “Internet English” is regarded as the culprit of the declining writing skills. One obvious reason is that young adults may make some grammatical mistakes unconsciously because of the frequent use of improper abbreviations and punctuation on mobile devices, and this might pose a threat to their future career where a professional writing ability is required in most companies. Therefore, many linguists have expressed their concerns that the instant messaging and chatting on mobile phones might harm the ability of using formal written English.
  Secondly, the poor reading proficiency can be put down to the frequent use of technologies as well. Compared to the older generation, young people today are cluttered with different gadgets, like iPad and iPhone. For instance, with easy access to wifi, they can surf the internet anywhere and anytime to follow the latest information of their idols in another country. However, most social networks deliver fragment and useless information, which not only steals time away from solitary reading but also undermine the ability to think independently. In my opinion, this phenomenon should be reversed as soon as possible because reading has a profound effect on a nation’s future.
  In conclusion, while these electronic devices make the communication much more convenient, I am in the camp that they might affect young people’s academic performance negatively.
  6.Some people believe that they should be able to keep all the money they earn and should not pay any tax to the state. To what extent do you agree or disagree ?
  解题思路:
  1.调节经济
  2.缩小贫富差距
  3.投资基础设施建设
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  Tax has long been a disputable issue, especially when people struggle with economic uncertainties and higher costs of living. Some people might complain that tax is a heavy burden especially when it undermines their buying power significantly. I am of the opinion that we are beneficiaries rather than victims of taxation.
  The reasons for levying tax are manifold. With tax revenues, the government can pump money in public facilities, including roads, dams, ports, bridges and airports, which are essential to the public well-being. The public sector, which is normally state-funded, also plays an integral role in services such as waste management, sewage treatment and public transport while private enterprises are not likely to deliver thees services at low cost.Public security is another benefit that people can obtain from tax-paying. The expenses of law enforcement, fire department and national defence all have been paid by
  the taxes imposed on taxpayers. We should also recognise that the government can achieve the gaol of income redistribution and bridge the gap between rich and poor by taxation. For example, in many countries, the high income group needs to pay high tax,while the low income group can get assistance from the government.
  Taxation is also one of the important approaches to intervene in the economy.For instance, when one country's economy experiences a downturn, the government needs to reduce the tax to encourage public consumption and business investment. In contrast, the government may levy higher taxes to curb consumption in order to avoid economic overheating.Another function of tax collection is to regulate citizens' behavior. One example is that the heavy tax on cigarette and alcohol discourages people from spending on these items and from developing unhealthy habits.
  I am convinced that nobody would perceive tax as a burden which does not create any benefit, if he or she has a comprehensive understanding of taxation. The truth is that without tax revenues, the country would not function well while many public services are no longer widely available.
  7.In many countries, the proportion of older people is steadily increasing.
  Does this trend have positive or negative effects on society?
  解题思路:
  利:1.间接促进医疗的发展。2.老年人为社会做贡献
  弊:1.劳动力短缺。2.各种基础设施资源短缺
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  Decreasing birth rates and an increasing life expectancy are two phenomena observed in many societies. The analysis of the impact of an aging population is crucial to the formulation and implementation of some polices. As well as challenges, this demographic trend can present some opportunities.
  One problem associated with an aging population is that health care costs will escalate, imposing a burden on taxpayers. It is widely known that most medical needs and costs occur in the last years of life. Therefore, many families have to face the need to care for elderly family members when public resources are not readily available. In addition, the country may have to accept a slow pace of work and youth unemployment, as the number of senior workers increases. In the worst cases, an aging society with a low birth rate is
  likely to encounter the problem of labour shortage, due to a shift in the age structure of the workforce.
  On the other hand, the swelling of ageing populations can be viewed in a positive light, as it reflects the continued development of technology. Hospitals have economic incentives to improve medical technologies that prevent or delay the onset of chronic conditions. Many people will also postpone retirement and extend their working lives, thereby reducing their demand for pension. It is not unusual that many elders work as productive members of society by providing for community service. They can also work as consultants and impart their knowledge and skills to the younger generation.
  As indicated above, the considerable extension of life expectancy has imposed strains on the health care and supporting resources of many countries and families. Meanwhile, people are gradually adapting to an aging society(by raising the retirement age) so the negative effect of aging populations can be lessened or avoided to some extent.
  8.As the transportation and accommodation problem increases in big cities, some governments are encouraging business move from the city to the rural area, do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
  解题思路:
  1.办公环境和居住环境更好
  2.城市的环境改善,可以建设更多的基础设施如医院等
  3.改善交通
  1.交通费用会增加
  2.农村地区环境受到影响
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  It is sometimes argued that some business should be removed from cities to rural areas. Personally, I believe this has more benefits than drawbacks.
  Firstly, suburbs usually have better surroundings than urban areas. This is because companies can provide their employees with a better office environment and living condition there, which would enhance employees’ enthusiasm for work. In addition, a comfortable office environment and living condition can decrease frequency of talent-flowing and ensure companies’ development.
  Secondly, migrating some business to rural areas will make our cities a better place to live in. Large factory buildings will cover urban places extensively. If businesses relocate their factories to rural areas, these places can be used to build roads, parks, hospitals and other public facilities, and there might be less traffic jam in the rush hour. At the same time, governments can plant more greenery to reduce air pollution. As a result, it provides citizens with better air quality, which is beneficial for their health.
  However, we have to admit that this policy still exist some disadvantages. Although moving some business to rural areas can ease traffic problems, it will increase the cost of transportation for those who live in the remote areas. Besides, the ecosystem in rural areas is quite fragile, the over-exploration may cause irreversible damage to our environment if we fail to provide some reasonable plans.
  In conclusion, I believe that moving some business to rural areas will bring more advantages.
  9.We live in cities or towns which have museums displaying objects of historical and cultural importance, but people do not visit them; why do you think people do not visit museums in their local areas? Why museums are important to society?
  解题思路:
  原因一:1.没有时间2.博物馆年久失修3,其他休闲娱乐方式分散了人们的注意力
  原因二:1.开拓视野2.发展成旅游业,促进经济发展
  注册送99元现金可提现:
  Museums are buildings in which objects of artistic, cultural, historical are displayed and stored. Several decades ago, people are attracted to the museums for various reasons ranging from historical interest to killing time.?Yet, a noticeable phenomenon is that?modern people take less interest in visiting museums.?This essay aims to explore underlying reasons why?so many people lack interest in appreciating the historic objects and understanding native cultures in local museums?and what?functions museums might serve.
  Why?modern people are reluctant to visit museums??Initially, youngsters are too occupied to visit museums.?Due to?ever-accelerating pace of modern life?and?fierce competition,?modern people seldom have time and mood to visit museums.?Also, a great many museums have been worn for years without repair and thus fail to cater to the taste of modern visitors, hence, in the eyes of countless sightseers, they are simply lifeless and unattractive.?Ultimately,?the availability of various recreational facilities?has been distracting?modern people’s attention. ?More precisely, plenteous young adults’ spare time has been allocated to theaters, shopping malls or restaurants.
  Virtually,?on no account can we?brush aside?the immense value of museums.?First,?a museum of natural history or an anthropological museum could not only enlarge one’s knowledge scope but also broaden one’s mental horizons.?After all,?some museums could enact the role of educators?because?they vividly unveil?the mystery of historical events by the storage of historic legacies. A case in point is that a visit to military museums about Chinese opium war will educate the young generation to be more patriotic and inspire them to be more industrious.?Meanwhile,?visitors can reflect on the past and thus learn from historical lessons?so that?one can avoid committing the same blunders.?Further, those precious museums are parts of the city landscape and could be developed into hot tourist attractions,?which?can create great economic value and enhance a city’s reputation.
  In a nutshell, my standpoint is that?museums are ideal places for modern people to acquire history-related knowledge and have a great time.?Therefore,?they have indispensable role to play both for every individual and for the whole society.
  10.International travel often lead to people have some prejudices rather than broad minds. What are the main reasons of this phenomenon? What do you think people can get better understanding of the countries they visit?
  解题思路:
  原因一:旅行中的偏见可能来自历史和风俗的差异
  原因二:旅行中的偏见可能来自文化和传统的差异
  解决办法:为了减少旅行中的偏见,旅行者,导游,当地媒体应该共同努力
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  Such is human nature to explore those exotic countries and feel the sense of refreshment. Many people desire to expand their minds and enrich their experience of the world during the process of visiting their dream tourism destination. However, some problems inevitably ensue. Instead of feeling the pleasure of travel, what some sightseers feel are only culture prejudice, conflicts and misunderstandings.
  First, historical differences and diverse customs, to some extent, contribute to the bias, misunderstandings and even hostility. A case in point is that eating dog meat is permissible and understandable in some minority areas in China. More precisely, Taiwan people might be quite amazed when hearing or seeing dog meat is edible, for it is illicit and forbidden to persecute dogs in Taiwan. It is conceivable that Taiwan tourists might be quite shocked and disappointed when visiting some Korean minority areas in Mainland China. People there always take dog meat as delicious foods.
  Further, some sightseers’ deeply rooted concept, and diverse life experience account for the appearance of culture prejudice. To illustrate , a kind of benediction like may you child become a dragon might be acceptable in Chinese culture. However, westerners might consider this kind of malediction as a curse for their children, for dragon equals to monster in western culture.
  Several methods should be adopted to help tourists minimize the potential culture bias or emotional misunderstanding. Primarily, before paying a visit to one tourism destination, it is feasible to specialize in the customs, histories and local people’s lifestyle. For example, if a western visitor aims to do some sightseeing in the Chinese minority areas like Tibet, it is wise to get to know some taboo, learn some simple minority language and the minority tradition. Also, efforts should be made by those tourist guides or local mass media to disseminate local cultures and popularize some relevant travel taboo. In this sense, people will acquire the first-hand knowledge and thus have a deeper insight into a new country.
  Overall,it is no easy task to iron out possible bias and conflicts before visiting some hot scenic spots. However, memorable travel experience favors the prepared minds.
  11.Nowadays people becoming parents later in life. Some think it is not a good development for the family and for the country. Why is this happening and what are the possible consequences of that for the family and the society? Please give your own opinion.
  解题思路:
  1.从物质来说,很多年轻夫妇没有足够的时间和金钱来养孩子;
  2.从心理来说,很多年轻夫妇希望在生孩子之前享受更多自由时间,比如全世界去旅游,去发展自己的兴趣;
  3.从社会来说,工作晋升的压力使年轻夫妇无法要孩子。
  晚育的好处和坏处也可从这几个层次来考虑:富裕的父母对孩子养育更有利;世界经验丰富的父母能更好地教育孩子;社会地位高的高龄父母更有可能制定有利于晚育父母的政策。当然,晚育有可能对父母的身体造成压力,但发达的现代医学技术能有效解决这个问题。
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  When Laura Wade-Gery,the boss of Marks and Spencer gave birth to a baby at 50,it immediately made headline news.As a matter of fact,quite many men and women in some countries nowadays have made up their mind to have kids only late in life.To my mind,this trend of the older parents brings more benefits than harms to both the baby and the parents.
  Couples wait to have kids for many different reasons.To begin with,many young couples are not financially ready for a new member coming to the family.More often than not,the newly married couples have just started their career and are still struggling to make their ends meet,and an additional member would be a great burden.But even if free from financial problems,many young couples still refuse to start a family with kids because they wish to develop their various potentials or experience the world before they have kids.Most importantly,many young people put off having babies because the society has very strong parenthood penalties.A mom,for instance,is less likely to stay up in her office to get ahead if she has a baby at home,the consequence of which is that her chances of promotion become slimmer.
  Many people argue that the delayed parenthood may pose physical challenges to couples,especially the older mom,and it is quite unfair on the child to have old parents because they probably won’t live long enough to see the child grow up.This may be true,but modern medical technology has significantly reduced the risks involved in birth-giving and equally significantly prolonged our life span so that the older parents,like their younger counterparts,can just as well accompany their kids in their life’s journey.But on top of that,having kids later in life can be beneficial in unique ways:it is good to the baby because its parents are now financially and emotionally better conditioned;it is good to the parents because now they have been well established so that they have more time for their kids;it is good to the society because those parents who delay having kids and advance to positions of authority at work now have the power to set policies other older parents would benefit from,like offering paid maternity and paternity leave or allowing flexible work schedules.
  12.Young people who commit crimes should be treated in the same way as adults by authorities . To what extent do you agree or disagree ?
  解题思路:
  1.青少年犯罪多是因为社会地位低,缺乏社会经验,考虑到犯罪情况和动机,应采纳教育和社区服务,有助于帮助犯罪者过上正常的生活。
  2.犯罪情节恶劣,应予以成年人同样刑罚,从而保护社会稳定,公民的安全。
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  It is sometimes argued that young lawbreakers should be tried as adults for crimes. I personally believe that this is partly reasonable.
  On the one hand, those who participate in violent crimes should not be treated differently than adult offenders. This is because most crimes, such as rape or murder, are thoughtful, deliberate and cunning in its planning and execution. If our courts trend toward a more lenient position, then the related laws and punishment will not have a deterring effect on teenagers. As a result, teenagers are likely to commit horrible crimes since they are aware that they have legal protection. What’s worse, these teens might recommit after they are released from jails. In some cases, the lighter sentencing might also lead to resentment towards the judicial system as victims might argue that these young offenders do not confess what they have done. This could also result in insecurity in our society eventually.
  On the other hand, the circumstances of a crime and its motivation should be taken into consideration when it comes to juvenile delinquency. For example, because of distress and hunger, some teens may turn to stealing food or robbery during a period of famine. Under this circumstance, harsh punishment, such as long-term jail might not be the best solution. In my view, most of the young offenders lack parenting and self-discipline, which would mean that other alternatives, such as community service and rehabilitation might be better alternatives for them.
  In conclusion, I feel that it is vitally important for judges and state legislators to ensure the justice equality regardless of the criminal’s age.
  13.Some people prefer to provide help and support directly to those in their local community who need it. Others, however prefer to give money to national and international charitable organizations. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
  解题思路:
  1.援助本国:本国依旧存在贫困人口,残疾人群等
  2.援助国内和国际慈善组织,有助于提高国际地位
  3.援助国内和国际慈善组织能帮助贫困国家改善贫困状态
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  Although people in industrialized countries lead a high standard of living, it is undeniable that there are still 1.2 billion people living below the poverty line. In order to solve poverty-related problems, I feel that all kinds of help should be encouraged and respected.
  Giving a helping hand to those who are in need in the local community seems reasonable. It is because even in the richest countries, there are still a lot of people, such as disabled people and orphanages, suffering from famine and extreme poverty. For this reason, it is easy and convenient for us to help our fellow citizens, such as donating food or clothing to them, so that we can see the result of our actions immediately. By contrast, it is rather difficult to track expenditure of international aids, which might result in corruption in some cases.
  Those who donate money to domestic and international charities believe that the collection of money has a tremendous effect on the poor countries compared with other forms of help. This is because few people are able to donate a large amount of money to construct schools, hospitals and roads in poor areas. Instead, governments and charities can achieve this. International aids can also purchase vaccines which are available in developed countries by using the money raised worldwide and save millions children’s life.
  In my view, minor proportion of donated money and other sorts of help should be appreciated equally as long as the money reaches to those who need it desperately. The government could run campaign and encourage door-to door help. At the same time, charitable organizations should make every penny count for donors.
  14.Some people think that the amount of noisy?people should be controlled strictly, while others say that people are free to make as much noise as they wish. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
  解题思路:
  1.处在噪音的打扰下会让人难以入睡,缺乏睡眠则会导致第二天精神疲惫,长此以往不利于人们的身体健康。此外,在噪音的烦扰下,人们会感到十分烦躁并且变得易怒,这对于长期经历工作压力的市民来说精神状态可能会恶化。
  2.政府有责任保护市民不受噪音干扰。政府的义务就是为民众谋福利,并且市民花重金买下自己的住所,政府有义务为他们营造良好的生活环境。
  1.居民有最基本的权利为了自己的利益去制造噪音,但是不能打扰到其他人
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  An issue facing many big cities recently is that a quiet living environment has turned to a densely-populated area with inevitable noise pollution. Therefore, whether the amount of noise should be restricted or not has always been a question of much contention. Personally, I believe that citizens have the freedom to make sounds but noise definitely needs to be reasonably controlled.
  First of all, it is probable that noise pollution could pose a huge threat to citizens’ well-being. Disturbed by annoying noise, people would find it difficult to fall asleep, and a lack of sound sleep would lead to fatigue the next day, which would adversely affect their physical health. Besides, people under the exposure of noise may suffer from anxiety and irritability, which could aggravate the mental state of those who already undergo long-lasting work-related stress.
  Another significant reason of limiting noise lies in governments’ responsibility to work for the benefit of their citizens. To put it another way, it is the duty of governments to maintain a favorable living environment for residents. The apparent reason is that people might expend a large amount of savings on their residence, and thus they are supposed to be provided with a high quality dwelling environment.
  However, it has to be admitted that people also have the right to make noise for their own good because they are in possession of their dwelling places. For example,  when people hold a birthday party at home, they could enjoy the pleasant atmosphere with friends around and music delighting everyone. It is the freedom of them to make sounds for their benefit yet it would not be the legal right if the sound is loud enough to disturb others.
  Therefore, I am convinced that people could be given certain freedom to make sounds, but the amount needs to be reasonably restricted by governments so that citizens’ well-being and living quality could be guaranteed.
  15.Some people think parents should read or tell stories to children, while others think parents need not do that, as children can read books, watch TVs or movies by themselves. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
  解题思路:
  1. 给孩子讲故事好处多多。第一,这能巩固家庭纽带。举例,在讲故事的过程中,父母和孩子都会完全把注意力放到对方身上,进行深度的感情交流,这培养了他们之间的信任和相互关爱。
  2. 第二,在听故事的过程中,孩子们的记忆力,语言能力,词汇量,以及把抽象信息视觉化的思维都会得到锻炼和提升,这对于他们今后的学术教育十分有用,比如说他们能在课堂上及时抓住老师讲课的要点。
  3. 当然,孩子自由阅读或是观看电视也是必要的。举例,在独立阅读的过程中,他们需要进行独立的思考和判断,这让他们变得思维成熟,而且自由阅读各个领域的书籍也是一个实现自我认知的过程,让他们找到自己擅长的,感兴趣的专业方向。
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  It has been rightly said that ‘There have been great societies that did not use the wheel, but there have been no societies that did not tell stories.’ The question of debate is whether parents should read or tell stories to children or whether children should come to know about stories themselves by reading books or by watching TV or movies. In this essay I intend to discuss both views followed by my opinion.
  There are many benefits of reading bedtime stories to children. First of all, it encourages family bonding. In this day and age of hectic lives and busy schedules, reading together is a simple and enjoyable way for parents to take time out and focus on the family. Children also feel wanted and loved. What is more, it moulds children into becoming readers, and this significantly increases the child’s potential for academic success as well as lifelong success in general. It also helps children master language development as by listening to stories, children learn pronunciation and vocabulary. It also builds listening skills, increases a child’s attention span, and develops the ability to concentrate. It develops children’s ability to express themselves more confidently, easily, and clearly in spoken and written terms. It develops and fosters a child’s natural curiosity.
  Furthermore, it develops creativity and a child’s ability to use his own imagination. It expands children’s horizons by exposing them to new situations, and teaches them appropriate behavior. Reading children’s stories to children provides the best opportunities for true teaching moments as most of these stories have morals. Reading picture books develops a young child’s appreciation for the arts through exposure to many different styles of art and illustrations.
  On the other hand, some opine that children should themselves read stories from books or watch them on TV and in movies. When reading books and news on TV by themselves rather than by depending on parents, children have the freedom of making decisions and judgments, thus sharpening the ability of independent thinking. What is more, it is mainly freely reading books, magazines and TV programs in a diversity of subjects, from science to arts to sports that builds up the self-discovery for children, for example, figuring out what subjects and future careers might be suitable for their potentials, talents and interests.
  This would be much easier for the parents who are too busy nowadays, but then all the above benefits would not ensue. What is more, parents can start telling stories to children much before children can themselves read. Watching TV does not help the child to develop imagination and this may be detrimental in the long run. Moreover, it would be difficult to monitor what children are actually learning.
  To sum up, I believe that, it is always better for the parents as well as the children, if parents read aloud to their children. This would give them quality time together and loads of other benefits which I have discussed above. I pen off with a famous quote of Robert Mackee “Stories are the creative conversion of life itself into a more powerful, clearer, more meaningful experience. They are the currency of human contact.”
  16.Nowadays, some countries encourage people to buy more and more consumer products, while others believe it is bad for the society as a whole. Discuss both views and give your opinion
  解题思路:
  1.对于发展中国家,提高就业率,带动经济发展
  2.消费产生严重的环境问题
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  As consumption index is considered as the most important benchmark of a country’s overall economic strength, the governments are issuing all kinds of incentive policies to stimulate the domestic consumption so as not to be left behind, while different voices arise to argue that this practice would produce a number of negative problems as its effects deepen. To this controversy, I hold we could never stop encouraging people to purchase more products for fear of correspondent troubles and risks.
  Strategically speaking, for developing countries, where are always found a high rate of unemployment, could create a huge number of job opportunities through promoting consumption. We are fully aware of the fact that countries like China, Brazil and India are now busy dealing with the youth unemployment, especially for the university students. These countries are all in bad need of job vacancies. Merely by introducing a strong consumption trend could they ensure sufficient offers to these young men and increase the need of employees as well.  In terms of quality of life, this practice absolutely contributes a lot. After all, the raise of living condition is invariably associated with constantly updating the old products.
  On the other hand, there is cost for every improvement. The point is whether we are ready for it or able to pay for it. When domestic consumption soars, problems like overwhelming rubbish and damages to community environment crop up. Not only that, a further threat is near-by: throwing away the old products directly instead of repairing them. That consuming habit must lead to the loss of virtues and ethics
  Based on the considerations from both sides, I still maintain that we should unswervingly carry out the policy to encourage consumption, not only for the sake of reducing the unemployment rate but also in view of raising the living standards as a whole.


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